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Nuclear Family

Syra Salam

Written by Syra Salam

As soon as the word Family comes up, it brings mixed shades of emotions. For most, it’s a haven. It is, to be loved unconditionally irrespective of who they are. While for some, it may trigger a series of unfortunate events due to abuse etc. Over the years, various family structures have evolved. For instance, a single-parent family who lives in an extended family falls into a different category. While these kinds of families are particular in definition, the lines are less clear in practice. One type is the “nuclear family.”

Nuclear family and extended family came into utilization during the 20th century and had various definitions. This article will have a closer look at the pros and cons of nuclear and extended families.

WHAT IS A NUCLEAR FAMILY?

A nuclear family or elementary family, according to human sciences, is joined by ties of association and parenthood and comprises a couple of grown-ups and socially recognized kids. According to research by the Institute for Family Studies, the nuclear family emerged in the 13th century in England. Commonly, the adults in a family unit are married. Albeit such couples are regularly a man and a woman, the meaning of the family unit has extended with the appearance of same-sex marriage.  In a nuclear family. the kids might be the couple’s natural or adopted offspring.

PROS AND CONS OF NUCLEAR FAMILY:

Pros:

Personality Development:

Youngsters are nearer to the parents and can have an even more accessible and straight-to-the-point conversation about their issues with their folks, which builds up their character. Kids who have both dependability and consistency in their lives are bound to display positive conduct, acquire passing marks in school and become more associated with community and extracurricular exercises.

Better physical and emotional health:

According to research on the effect of family on children’s health, children in the nuclear family have better physical and emotional wellbeing. It’s because married people have a good understanding among them, and they are less abusive to their children. It converts into future achievement when kids figure out how to look for positive connections and cooperate reasonably with others. 

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Financial stability:

The nuclear family allowed people to have adaptability in careers leading to a rise in the middle class. So, with more chances and rising salaries, numerous nuclear families have sufficient money to furnish youngsters with extravagances, opportunities, and a protected environment. According to the research held by Pew Research Centre, married people in 57% of nuclear families are above the poverty line and while only 21% of single parents were above this line.

Better condition of women and individual responsibilities:

In a Nuclear family, the state of women is better than in joint families. Usually, she gets sufficient opportunities to take care of her kids. She additionally gets time to design and deal with her home, as indicated by her thought. Her better half can likewise dedicate more attention to the spouse. So, everyone will have their responsibility; guardians will be responsible for their children. At the same time, the family head will provide all the necessities.

Cons:

Small support system:

Like a mishap or even a period of illness, Emergencies can leave the nuclear family in crisis. One research indicates that nuclear families can seclude individuals from different family members and connections. This breakdown of the extended family will not be valuable under challenging situations.

Insecurity of children:

Working parents can divide their attention, leaving children being lonely and insecure. Children yearn for adult attention, resulting in irritable behaviour if not received.

The workload of family members:

According to Act’s International, Family members often get tired with continuous work to meet everyone’s needs without the help of extended family. In addition, the struggle to work for a family member can cause depression and anxiety.

It does not work well for old, divorced, or widow:

Old, divorced, and widow people mostly get lonely. As with a nuclear family, they break from their other relatives. They are eagerly looking for someone to talk to or reach out to in times of need.

WHAT IS EXTENDED FAMILY?

An extended family, commonly known as a joint family or multi-generation family, is a family type where relatives other than parents and children live under the same household or take responsibility for the same home. As a result, more adults other than parents of children share the burden of children, even if it is only financial help. Extended families consist of mothers, fathers, grandparents, cousins, and siblings. In addition, there are many nuclear families in one extended family.

PROS AND CONS OF EXTENDED FAMILY:

Pros:

Security for a family member to stay connected:

One of the benefits of a more distant family framework is its safety to the individuals from the family. The proverb that there is ‘assurance in numbers’ comes to play in the circumstances like this. For instance, in a more distant family, individuals accept that they have adults on whom they can rely under challenging situations and surprisingly on fun occasions.

Financial support with multiple working adults:

During a financial emergency, the family members can get help from more well-off and more established relatives in an extended family.

More family values and unity between family members:

In an extended family, there are more cross-generational family values. In addition, extended family achieves unity in the community by the excellence of peace and harmony in the family.

A role model in the family:

In an extended family, members other than parents teach children, and these members become role models for them. This teaching helps in their life ahead.

Cons:

Inheritance problem:

The drawback of a joint family is that fights and arguments result after the passing of a particular member, unsettling that which member will get which part of their estate.

The burden on only a few adults:

There is a lot of financial burden on rich people of the family. So they have a sense of responsibility to help a less fortunate person in the family so that all could feed well.

Lack of Privacy:

There are too many people in an extended family, resulting in a lack of privacy. Individuals can pass remarks on the positive or negative practices of different individuals. This issue may some of the time lead to fights. There is also open obstruction in couples living inside the family compound.

Important decisions:

Adults of the household take all the decisions in the house, whether they are standard or personal. Sometimes members make bias decisions; wealthy family members get more respect.

There is not a single decision on which type of family is best. If a family has love, respect, and trust, they can flourish together. Families have to do what is best for one another and themselves. Irrespective of the type of family, members can achieve the goal of a thriving family with compassion and understanding. 

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