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Types of Disabilities

Written by Abdullah

It’s high time we do our best to make the world better for every human being. Fortunately, we are moving towards an inclusive future where everyone would feel heard and empowered. Whether a person from a minority or someone with a disability, they deserve everything as any other person does. It is important to educate yourself about disabilities. In this article, we will be talking about the types of disabilities that people can have.

There is no doubt that many organizations are working to make the world disability-inclusive. However, we also need to play our part and educate ourselves as required. One thing we can do which will go a long way is to get knowledge about disabilities. So, let’s see how many types of disabilities there are.

Know that disability can be different for everyone, and no person has the same condition as the other. Keep in mind that this list is in no way complete. It is just a compilation of the most common types of disabilities.

Physical Disabilities:

Physical disabilities include many kinds of disabilities related to the physical body. This may include manual dexterity, lower limb disability, and upper limb disability. It also includes the disabilities in coordination with any and all different body organs. We also call it disability related to mobility. This is because it includes those impairments that are related to your mobility. So, anything related to your limbs, muscles, or bones can be identified as a physical disability.

Physical disability can have a lot of causes. Know that every person with a physical disability can have a different cause. Age factors can also cause them. Physical disabilities can also be the results of accidents or disease. People with broken bones can also be classified into this category since their impairment is related to the physical body.

Cognitive or Learning Disabilities:

Cognitive or learning disabilities, also known as intellectual disabilities, are also common kinds of impairment. It defines the conditions that limit the mental functioning skills of a person. For example, if a person has issues with communication, self-help, and other social skills, they may have cognitive or learning disabilities. Children who fall in this category usually develop and learn slower than others.

We can diagnose cognitive and learning kind with the help of standardized tests. These standardized tests are usually based upon adaptive behaviour and intelligence. There can be many causes for cognitive and learning disabilities. These can include genetic conditions, brain abnormalities, injuries, and other diseases. This can happen when a child is born or even when the child is in the womb. For most children who have learning impairments, the cause of their impairment is unknown.

Autism Spectrum Disorder:

Another kind of disability is an autism spectrum disorder. The umbrella term used to refer to atypical autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and Autistic disorder is autism spectrum disorder. The impairments that fall in this category can make changes in the brain. For example, autism can change how the brain takes and stores information. Autism spectrum disorder is a wide category, and a number of impairments related to autism fall into it.

One of the major symptoms of the conditions in autism spectrum disorder is verbal and non-verbal communication skills. People who have autism tend to have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication. Moreover, they may have difficulties in social interactions and their behaviour. People who fall under the umbrella category of autism spectrum disorder often show restricted interest and repetitive behaviours.

Psychological Disorders:

Mental or psychological disorders are other kinds of disabilities that people have a lot of misinformation about. WHO says that 1 in every eight people has a mental disorder. A mental disorder means that there is a significant disturbance in the behaviour, emotional regulation, or cognition of a person. Most commonly, psychological disorders are associated with impairment or stress in the important areas of functioning.

Mental disorders can also be called mental health conditions. Mental health conditions include anxiety disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, eating disorders, disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders, and neurodevelopmental disorders. There is a lot to be known about psychological disorders since it is one of the most common disabilities in the world, as we mentioned above.

It is our duty to learn about disabilities that people can have in order to ensure that we are making the world a more inclusive space for everyone. The world cannot become an inclusive place until and unless we understand and acknowledge that there is no “normal” and that everyone can have different circumstances. We must increase our knowledge about people with disabilities, and we’re sure this article helped you in doing so.

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